Read about Rio Tinto in the news recently? If not there, then maybe here? Why do I ask? One of our stops on the study tour in South Africa was Richards Bay Minerals. This is a jointly owned mineral sands processing facility that produces 25% of the world's market share of titania slag, rutile, zircon, and pig iron. Rio Tinto and BHP Billiton are those owners. We spent two fascinating hours at the facility! While we expressed concern over the ecological impact of this process our fears were quickly allayed through the presentation and tour of the dune mining site. This was conducted by Gugu Ncanana, a former student of Sithembiso Tshabalala one of our South African tour facilitators.